Description and features of growing Weigela Elvira
Weigela Elvira is considered one of the most spectacular deciduous shrubs, which has a highly decorative appearance, which provides it with an unusually deep color of the leaves. What are the main advantages of the described culture, how to plant it and take care of it - learn from the article.
Weigela Elvira (Weigela florida Elvera) is a dwarf, decorative-deciduous, beautifully flowering plant, the genetic basis of which is the variety Wine and Roses. Shrub belongs to the category of slow-growing crops, the annual growth of which rarely exceeds 10-15 cm. At the same time, it reaches a height of 80–90 cm.
It is advisable to begin the description of the culture with its appearance. Elvira is a compact plant with a dense, dense crown of spherical shape, which consists of numerous erect shoots. The bark is dense, gray-brown in color.
Of particular note is the green mass of the plant, presented in the form of sessile, ellipsoidal with short petioles slightly pubescent pointed leaves, the color of which varies from green-brown to purple or dark purple. During the period of active flowering, which falls in June, numerous small, very beautiful tubular-bell-shaped flowers of pink or dark pink color are formed on the shrub, collected in neat inflorescences of 3-4 pieces.
Important! The culture is different in that it gives repeated flowering in late August - early September. However, this time it is less magnificent, bright and effective.
After flowering, fruits are formed on the bush - two-leaf seed boxesinside which there are small angular, often winged grains.
Weigela Elvira fell in love with many gardeners and landscape designers, especially for the excellent aesthetic qualities of the deciduous mass. In addition, the shrub is not too whimsical to care for, responds well to basic agricultural practices, does not make high demands on soil and climate.
Among its main characteristics note:
- The size. Compact, slow-growing shrub, up to 80–90 cm high.
- Habitus (appearance). Dwarf plant with upright shoots and dark purple, purple leaves of an oval, slightly pointed shape.
- Bloom. The plant blooms in June-July in the form of small beautiful pink flowers located singly or in inflorescences of 3-4 pieces. Repeated flowering - in September.
- Roots. The root system of the weigela is powerful, strong, fibrous, without a clearly defined central conductor going deep into the depths.
- Frost resistance. The variety has a relatively good resistance to frost, is able to withstand temperatures of -17 ... -23 ° C.
- Illumination. The plant prefers good illumination, but can perfectly develop in partial shade.
Weigela Elvira is considered an unpretentious plant, but experts advise taking into account some biological features when planting it. Particular attention should be paid to choosing a suitable place for shrubs.
Culture prefers spacious, well-lit sunny places. It can develop well and grow in shaded areas, the main thing is that they are reliably protected from drafts and cold winds that can damage fragile flowers. It is allowed to plant a seedling under the trees, but it should be borne in mind that the shrub can show maximum decorativeness only with high-quality lighting.
Important! Weigel should not be grown in the lowlands, since there is a high probability that the root shoots will freeze in winter.
The land on the site should be light, nutritious, well pass air and moisture, with an acidity level of 6-6.5. The best option for the culture of the described variety are sandy loamy or loamy soils with a slightly alkaline or neutral reaction.
The plant is extremely negative about dense, hard and too waterlogged soils, which can provoke the development of various fungal ailments and rotting of the roots
The best period for planting is considered to be early spring - from late March to late April. In the southern regions, bushes can be planted throughout the year, with the exception of the winter months.
Did you know? The genus Weigela received its original name in honor of the famous German doctor and biologist Christian Ehrenfried von Weigel, who began to grow the plant in botanical gardens in 1845.
Landing is carried out according to traditional technology:
- dig a recess with a minimum size of 50 × 50 × 50 cm;
- at the bottom of the pit is lined with a 15-centimeter layer of drainage from broken brick, pebbles or gravel;
- a layer of fertile soil made of sheet soil, humus, river sand and soddy soil mixed in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1 is covered with a layer of fertile soil on top of the drainage tier;
- Sapling is lowered into the recess, the root processes are gently straightened, sprinkled with soil in such a way that the neck of the root remains at the surface level;
- upon completion of the process, the soil is abundantly moistened, the trunk circle is mulched with peat or wood chips.
When planting several specimens between them, an interval of 1.5–2 m should be maintained.
Video: Planting, care and reproduction of weigels
Elvira Weigela Care consists of traditional agricultural activities, which include:
- Watering. Under natural conditions, the plant grows on sufficiently moist soils, therefore, for its successful development in the infield, you should ensure that the earth does not dry out. At the same time, excessive moisture and stagnation of water should not be allowed, since they can provoke rotting of the root system. Shrub watered regularly, focusing on the condition of the soil. Be sure to loosen the soil after irrigation procedures. Such an event allows enriching the earth with oxygen and nutrients, thereby activating the development of roots. After loosening, in order to preserve moisture in the soil and protect the bushes from the harmful effects of external factors, the area of the trunk circle is covered with a layer of mulch from peat, sawdust, and husk.
- Top dressing. To maintain its aesthetically attractive appearance, a decorative shrub needs systematic top dressing, which is carried out several times during the growing season. The very first portion of fertilizers is applied even in early spring, using mineral preparations, for example, urea or superphosphates. The second time the culture is fed in the phase of the formation of buds. This time, complex minifunds are used with an equal content of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. At the end of summer, they carry out the final top dressing, using potassium-based fertilizers, which can increase the immunity of the shrub and prepare it for the upcoming frosts.
- Pruning. In early spring, young shrubs are cut, which is aimed at removing dry, weak, infected or broken shoots after winter. Be sure to trim the procedure in July, after the shoots bloom. Matured specimens lend themselves to a shaping haircut. For this, after the first flowering of the plant, until the new shoots have started to grow, all dried buds sticking out or growing deep into the bush, branches are removed. Forming pruning is carried out once every 2-3 years, not more often.
- Pest and disease protection. To protect the plant from the harmful effects of parasites, especially spider mites and leaf-eating caterpillars, it is regularly sprayed several times a season with insecticidal preparations - Rogor, Nitrafen, Karbofos or natural solutions of garlic, wormwood, and hot pepper. To prevent fungal and bacterial infections, the bush is treated with Bordeaux liquid or fungicides, for example, “Topsin”.
- Winter preparations. When growing weigels in the southern regions, it is not necessary to cover it in a special way for the winter, since the culture is able to withstand temperature drops up to -23 ° С. In other regions of the state, the plant is insulated with agrofibre, dry leaves or spruce branches. If severe cold winters are expected, then the shrub is covered with roofing material or spanbond.
Due to the excellent decorative properties of the Elvira weigela, it has found wide application in the field of gardening, landscape design, and the creation of "living" fences.
The plant has earned its success due to two features:
- flowering, which occurs twice a season;
- changes in the shade of leaf mass from green-brown to dark purple.
Did you know? Weigela genus has about 15 species. Only three of them grow on the territory of the Russian Federation: early, pleasant weigela and middendorff.
Landscape designers use the decorative properties of the bush with:
- the creation of solitary landings as a vivid single accent;
- group plantings in order to cover the “bare” trunks of other cultures;
- the formation of alpine hills, rockeries;
- creating hedges or mixborders.
Shrub perfectly adjacent to coniferous perennials, flowering crops, other shrubs, for example, viburnum, barberry, Japanese quince.
Weigela Elvira is an extremely spectacular, original bush of the Honeysuckle family, whose popularity is growing rapidly today. The plant has minimal requirements for growing conditions and care, therefore, observing the basic agrotechnical rules, even a novice gardener will be able to grow a beautiful, aesthetically attractive and highly decorative culture on his site, pleasing the eye with a play of shades in each flower bunch.