The most popular ways to propagate jasmine at home
In nature, jasmine is found in the southern regions with mild winters. This ornamental plant is grown in the same way as a greenhouse or indoor flower. In this article - an introduction to the methods of propagation of culture at home.
Before talking about reproduction, it should be clarified that jasmine and mock orange are different plants. Many gardeners unknowingly classify them as one species. Jasmine belongs to the Maslinov family, and mock-up belongs to the Gortenziev family.
Another difference between cultures:
- In the first species, the upper ovary of the flower turns into a berry with seeds.
- In the second variety, the seeds ripen in the fruit box.
Important! If the house is allergic to intolerance to flower aromas and pollen, it is better not to grow jasmine in this case: it has a too saturated smell.
- Propagation by sowing at home is rarely used, since it has several significant drawbacks:
- painstaking and lengthy process;
- the grown plant blooms 3-4 years after planting;
- the qualities of the mother plant are not preserved.
Depending on the variety, the flowering period can begin in January, April, July. Flowers adorn the plant for 3–6 months a year, some specimens can bloom almost all year round. To collect seeds, you need to wait for the appearance and full ripening of berries. Dry the fruit and gently separate the seeds from the pulp.
Harvested planting material before sowing, and it can be carried out both in spring and autumn, is stored in a refrigerator in wet sand. Before planting, the seeds are placed for 2-3 hours in warm water, and then in humidified peat for 4 days.
Sowing is carried out in a substrate of the following components:
- forest land - 2 parts;
- soddy soil - 1 part;
- compost - 1 part;
- river sand - 1 part.
After the appearance of sprouts, prophylactic spraying is carried out with a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate. After 2-3 weeks, the grown seedlings dive into separate containers. Contain at room temperature.
Did you know? Jasmine flowers in Indian culture are sacred: woven flower garlands — Mandatory attribute of the wedding ceremony. It is believed that jasmine wreaths connect a pair of special, inextricable link.
Top dressing is carried out every 10 days with compositions for flowering plants. For example, "Master", the application rate is 1 cap per 5 liters of water, "Fertis" - the same dose, shake the bottle before use.
In summer, the flowerpot is shaded from direct sunlight. Jasmine is taken out on a balcony or a veranda in warm and fine days. If it is very hot and dry, it is recommended to spray the plant. With year-round flowering, care is the same throughout the period. If the plant fades and does not give new inflorescences, watering is gradually stopped. The flowerpot is placed in cool conditions at a temperature of + 10 ... + 15 ° C.
In early spring, an overgrown shrub needs a haircut. Too long shoots shorten by a third. Weak branches are removed completely. In varieties that bloom year-round, faded baskets are removed, which contributes to the emergence of new ones.
Propagated by cuttings, layering and division is best in summer. Applying cuttings, the flower grower will observe the first flowering after 2 years. This is one of the most successful ways to get a full-fledged flowering plant as early as possible.Rhizome division and rooting are no less simple and effective.
Harvested cuttings in the second half of July. With a sharp knife, cut the green apical shoot up to 5 cm long from an annual branch. It should have 2-3 pairs of leaves and at least 2 internodes.
Instead of drugs that stimulate root formation, you can use a honey solution. Add 1 tsp to a liter of water. nectar, stir and place the stalk for a day.
Important! While the plant is taking root, feeding is not necessary; moreover, an excess of nutrients can adversely affect the process.
With the help of cuttings, jasmine propagates without much hassle. However, there are some rules for a successful outcome:
- Priming. A mixture is prepared for the indoor flower: garden soil, vermiculite and coarse sand in equal parts. The substrate must be disinfected by baking in the oven at 220 degrees 20 minutes.
- Capacity. A pot measuring 15 cm in height and 12–15 in diameter is made of plastic or clay. The presence of holes for drainage of moisture is mandatory. Rinse with potassium permanganate solution before filling the soil. At the bottom lay 2-3 cm of drainage: small pebbles and other material.
- Landing. The cuttings are buried to the bottom pair of leaves. As a greenhouse, a piece of plastic bottle is used.
- A place. It is necessary to keep the seedling indoors without drafts, with diffused lighting, without direct sunlight.
- Temperature. Rooting is recommended at temperatures above + 22 ... + 25 ° C.
- Care. Every 2-3 days, the upper shelter is removed to ventilate and remove condensate. Humidification of the soil is carried out using a spray. The frequency of irrigation depends on the degree of dryness of the soil: ideally, it should always be slightly moist.
After 1.5 weeks, thin roots appear, after a month they are already visible through the drainage holes. This is the time for transplanting into a large tank.
Propagation by layering
Indoor jasmine, like garden jasmine, can be propagated using layering.
Having prepared the soil and the container for the baby (see above), then they work according to the technology:
- At the home bush, choose the longest branch, preferably located at the bottom of the trunk.
- The shoot is bent to the soil surface of a prepared pot.
- The bark is cut and the cut is lowered into the soil, leaving about 5 cm of branch above the ground.
- Sprinkle layering with soil and pinch the top of the protruding shoot.
- The planted process is covered with a film and provide the same conditions of maintenance and care as for the cuttings.
Did you know? Perfume compositions with a dominant jasmine aroma were created by such famous brands: Donna Karan, Givenchy, Tom Ford, Giorgio Armani, Bvlgari.
Another method of reproduction is the division of the bush. You can begin to divide the rhizome of the bush only after the plant has flowered. During this period, it is ready for the laying of new shoots, root formation. Having thrown out a flowerpot from a pot, they shake it off the soil and carefully separate a part of a root with its own branches.
Next, they plant in a separate container, suitable in size. Sapling needs soil from garden soil, peat and sand in equal parts. When planting, the root neck should be left above the surface at a height of 2-3 cm. Further care is like an adult plant.
Propagating and growing indoor jasmine is not difficult. The seed method is more suitable for breeders to breed new hybrids, and the vegetative one is for amateur gardeners.